PAPER - I
Fundamentals of Sociology
- 1.Sociology - The Discipline:
(a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of Sociology.
(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
(c) Sociology and common sense.
- 2. Sociology as Science:
(a) Science, scientific method and critique.
(b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
(c) Positivism and its critique.
(d) Fact value and objectivity. ( e) Non-positivist methodologies.
- 3.Research Methods and Analysis:
(a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.
(b) Techniques of data collection.
(c ) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.
- 4.Sociological Thinkers:
(a) Karl Marx - Histoiical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
(b) Emile Durkhteim - Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
(c) Max Weber - Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
(d) Talcolt Parsons - Social system, pattern variables.
(e) Robert K. Merton - Latent and manifest functions, conformityand deviance, reference groups.
(f) Mead - Self and identity
- 5.Stratification and Mobility:
(a) Concepts - equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
(b) Theories of social stratification - Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
(c) Dimensions - Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
(d) Social mobility - open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
- 6.. Works and Economic Life :
(a) Social organization of work in different types of society - slave society, feudal society, industrial capitalist society
(b) Formal and informal organization of work.
(c) Labour and society.
- 7..Politics and Society :
(a) Sociological theories of power.
(b) Power elite; `bureaucracy, pressure groups and political parties.
(c) Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
(d) Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
- 8..Religion and Society :
(a) Sociological theories of religion.
(b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
(c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamen talism.
- 9.Systems of Kinship :
(a) Family, household, marriage.
(b) Types and forms of family.
(c) Lineage and des/cent.
(d) Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
(e) Contemporary trends.
- 10.Social Change in Modern Society :
(a) Sociological theories of social change.
(b) Development and dependency.
(c) Agents of social change.
(d) Education and social change.
(e) Science, technology and social change.
PAPER - II
Structure and Change
- A. Introducing Indian Society :
(I)Perspectives on the Study of Indian Society local self-government.
(a)Indology (G.S. Ghure).
(b)Structural functionalism (M. N. Srinivas).
(c)Marxist sociology (A. R. Desai).
(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :
(a) Social background of Indian nationalism.
(b) Modernization of Indian tradition.
(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.
(d) Social reforms.
- B. Social Structure :
(i)Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
(a)The idea of Indian village and village studies.
(b)Agrarian social structure- evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
(ii) Caste System:
(a)Perspectives on the study of caste systems: G. S. Ghurye, M. N. Srinivas, Louis Dumont,Andre Beteille.
(b)Features of caste system.
(c)Untouchability-forms and perspectives.
(iii) Tribal Communities in India:
(c)Colonial policies and tribes.
(d)Issues of integration and autonomy.
(iv) Social Classes in India:
(a)Agrarian class structure.
(b)Industrial class structure.
(c) Middle classes in India.
(v) Systems of Kinship in India:
(a)Lineage and descent in India.
(b)Types of kinship systems.
(c)Family and marriage in India.
(d)Household dimensions of the family.
(e)Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.
(vi) Religion and Society :
(a)Religious communities in India.
(b)Problems of religious minorities
- C. Social Changes in India :
(i)Visions of Social Change in India:
(a)Idea of development planning and mixedeconomy.
(b)Constitution, law and social change.
(C)Education and social change.
(ii)Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India:
(a)Programmes of rural development,Community Development Pr ogr a mme,cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
(b)Green revolution and social change.
(c)Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
(d)Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
(iii)ndustrialization and Urbanisation in India:
(a)Evolution of modern industry in India.
(b)Growth of urban settlements in India.
(c)Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
(d)Informal sector, child labour.
(e)Slums and deprivation in urban areas.