Fundamentals of Sociology

  • 1.Sociology - The Discipline:

    (a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of Sociology.
    (b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
    (c) Sociology and common sense.

  • 2. Sociology as Science:

    (a) Science, scientific method and critique.
    (b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
    (c) Positivism and its critique.
    (d) Fact value and objectivity. ( e) Non-positivist methodologies.

  • 3.Research Methods and Analysis:

    (a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.
    (b) Techniques of data collection.
    (c ) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.

  • 4.Sociological Thinkers:

    (a) Karl Marx - Histoiical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
    (b) Emile Durkhteim - Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
    (c) Max Weber - Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
    (d) Talcolt Parsons - Social system, pattern variables.
    (e) Robert K. Merton - Latent and manifest functions, conformityand deviance, reference groups.
    (f) Mead - Self and identity

  • 5.Stratification and Mobility:

    (a) Concepts - equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
    (b) Theories of social stratification - Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
    (c) Dimensions - Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
    (d) Social mobility - open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.

  • 6.. Works and Economic Life :

    (a) Social organization of work in different types of society - slave society, feudal society, industrial capitalist society
    (b) Formal and informal organization of work.
    (c) Labour and society.

  • 7..Politics and Society :

    (a) Sociological theories of power.
    (b) Power elite; `bureaucracy, pressure groups and political parties.
    (c) Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
    (d) Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

  • 8..Religion and Society :

    (a) Sociological theories of religion.
    (b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
    (c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamen talism.

  • 9.Systems of Kinship :

    (a) Family, household, marriage.
    (b) Types and forms of family.
    (c) Lineage and des/cent.
    (d) Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
    (e) Contemporary trends.

  • 10.Social Change in Modern Society :

    (a) Sociological theories of social change.
    (b) Development and dependency.
    (c) Agents of social change.
    (d) Education and social change.
    (e) Science, technology and social change.


Indian Society

Structure and Change
  • A. Introducing Indian Society :

    (I)Perspectives on the Study of Indian Society local self-government.
    (a)Indology (G.S. Ghure).
    (b)Structural functionalism (M. N. Srinivas).
    (c)Marxist sociology (A. R. Desai).
    (ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :
    (a) Social background of Indian nationalism.
    (b) Modernization of Indian tradition.
    (c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.
    (d) Social reforms.

  • B. Social Structure :

    (i)Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
    (a)The idea of Indian village and village studies.
    (b)Agrarian social structure- evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
    (ii) Caste System:
    (a)Perspectives on the study of caste systems: G. S. Ghurye, M. N. Srinivas, Louis Dumont,Andre Beteille.
    (b)Features of caste system.
    (c)Untouchability-forms and perspectives.
    (iii) Tribal Communities in India:
    (a)Definitional problems.
    (b)Geographical spread.
    (c)Colonial policies and tribes.
    (d)Issues of integration and autonomy.
    (iv) Social Classes in India:
    (a)Agrarian class structure.
    (b)Industrial class structure.
    (c) Middle classes in India.
    (v) Systems of Kinship in India:
    (a)Lineage and descent in India.
    (b)Types of kinship systems.
    (c)Family and marriage in India.
    (d)Household dimensions of the family.
    (e)Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.
    (vi) Religion and Society :
    (a)Religious communities in India.
    (b)Problems of religious minorities

  • C. Social Changes in India :

    (i)Visions of Social Change in India:
    (a)Idea of development planning and mixedeconomy.
    (b)Constitution, law and social change.
    (C)Education and social change.
    (ii)Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India:
    (a)Programmes of rural development,Community Development Pr ogr a mme,cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
    (b)Green revolution and social change.
    (c)Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
    (d)Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
    (iii)ndustrialization and Urbanisation in India:
    (a)Evolution of modern industry in India.
    (b)Growth of urban settlements in India.
    (c)Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
    (d)Informal sector, child labour.
    (e)Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

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