Main Program

Strategy of Main Examination

The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory. The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate's general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services. The questions are likely to test the candidate's basic understanding of all relevant issues and ability to analyze and take a view on conflicting socio- economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers. The questions being asked in the main examination are subjective in nature. In the main examination a descriptive answer is expected in organized manner. The candidates will be evaluated not only for their writing and analytical ability but also for the understanding of the various issues that hold importance from examination point of view, also playing an important role in the administrative system. The nature of the questions will be such that one can evaluate the general awareness of the candidates on various issues and subjects.

Essay Paper

Essay: Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
Optional Paper
Optional Subject Papers I & II Candidates may choose any optional subject from amongst the list of Optional Subjects given by UPSC. The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers for the examination is broadly of the honours degree level i.e. a level higher than the bachelors' degree and lower than the masters' degree. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors' degree.
PAPER-VIII & PAPER IX (Compulsory Paper)
Qualifying Papers on Indian Language and English The aim of the paper is to test the candidate's ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.
The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-
(i) Comprehension of given passage
(ii)Precis Writing
(iii)Usage and Vocabulary
(iv)Short Essays
Indian Languages:-
(i)Comprehension of given passages
(ii)Precis Writing
(iii)Usage and Vocabulary
(iv)Short Essays
(v)Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.
Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved)

Genral Studies